Botany is the branch of biology that deals with the study of plants, including their structure, physiology, reproduction, and biochemical processes.

Botany is a very vast and comprehensive science and is divided into various major branches such as morphology, histology, physiology, plant anatomy, genetics, cytology, taxonomy, ecology, paleobotany, plant geography, etc.

The scope of botany and its consequent importance is vast and immense. For the very existence of not only human beings but also all animals, plants are necessary.

The study of botany forms a necessary informational background for students preparing for careers in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, bacteriology, pharmacology, soil conservation, and other related fields.

Structure of Marchantia

Structure of Marchantia with Diagram

Marchantia is the most prominent genus in the family Marchantiaceae of the order Marchantiales. They prefer to grow in moist and shady places like wet open woodlands, banks of streams, wood rocks, or on shaded stub rocks. A few species…

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Structure of Riccia

Structure of Riccia with Diagram

Riccia is the most widely distributed genus in the family Ricciaceae of the order Marchantiales. They commonly grow in moist soil, particularly during and after rain. In Riccia, the gametophytic plant body is the dominant phase of the life cycle.…

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Cell structure of Cyanobacteria

Cell Structure of Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria are the most primitive types of organisms (plants) with simple prokaryotic cellular structures. With the help of an electron microscope, Pankratz and Bowen (1963) studied the structure of cyanobacterial cells. The detailed cell structure of cyanobacteria is as follows: Cell…

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Reproduction in Algae

Reproduction in Algae

Reproduction in algae is the production of young ones (offspring) of the same kind as themselves. Generally, all three types of reproduction are observed in algae, such as: Vegetative Reproduction Asexual Reproduction Sexual Reproduction Vegetative Reproduction in Algae The method…

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Habitat of algae

Algae in Diversified Habitats

Algae are chlorophyll-bearing autotrophic members of thallophytes comprising a large heterogeneous assemblage of relatively simple plants. Algae may be aquatic, semi-aquatic, or terrestrial in their habitat. In the sea, they make up the major part of the vegetation. On pools…

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