The musculoskeletal system consists of bones, cartilage, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Primary functions of the musculoskeletal system include support of the body, provision of motion, and protection of vital organs. The skeletal system serves as the main storage system for calcium and phosphorus and contains critical components of the hematopoietic system. Many other body systems, including the nervous, vascular, and integumentary systems, are interrelated, and disorders of one of these systems may also affect the musculoskeletal system and complicate diagnosis.
Functions of the Musculoskeletal System:
- The skeleton, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissues are all part of the musculoskeletal system, which work together to provide the body with support, protection, and movement.
- The bones of the skeletal system protect the body's internal organs, support the weight of the body, and serve as the main storage system for calcium and phosphorus.
- The muscles of the muscular system keep bones in place; they assist with movement by contracting and pulling on the bones.
- To allow motion, different bones are connected by joints which are connected to other bones and muscle fibers via connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments.
- Cartilage prevents the bone ends from rubbing directly on each other.
- Malnutrition and arthritis are examples of disorders and diseases in the body that can severely impair the function of the musculoskeletal system.