Book : Human Biology
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Posted by: CHELSEA
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Writer CHELSEA

The Respiratory System

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Overview

The Respiratory System is crucial to every human being. Without it, we would cease to live outside of the womb. Let us begin by taking a look at the structure of the respiratory system and how vital it is to life. During inhalation or exhalation air is pulled towards or away from the lungs, by several cavities, tubes, and openings. The organs of the respiratory system make sure that oxygen enters our bodies and carbon dioxide leaves our bodies. The respiratory tract is the path of air from the nose to the lungs. It is divided into two sections: Upper Respiratory Tract and the Lower Respiratory Tract. Included in the upper respiratory tract are the Nostrils, Nasal Cavities, Pharynx, Epiglottis, and the Larynx. The lower respiratory tract consists of the Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, and the Lungs. As air moves along the respiratory tract it is warmed, moistened and filtered.

Functions

Four processes of respiration. They are: 1. BREATHING or ventilation 2. EXTERNAL RESPIRATION, which is the exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between inhaled air and the blood. 3. INTERNAL RESPIRATION, which is the exchange of gases between the blood and tissue fluids. 4. CELLULAR RESPIRATION


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